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Applying the four factor model to increase social validity:

  1. Client extra-therapeutic factors – Information gathering is a necessary component when beginning services with a new client. This can be done through document reviews and interviews with clients and caregivers. Knowing extensive information about a client’s background is a foundational step that ensures building a trusting relationship.
  2. Relationship factors – In an ABA setting, this is accomplished through the 7 steps of instructional control which outlines effective steps for building trust and compliance.
  3. The model/technique component – This can be achieved by including caretakers and clients in the goal development processes.
  4. Hope and expectancy – Discussing reasonable expectations and outcomes should be addressed prior to program implementation. 
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